the Effectiveness of Red Betel (Piper crocatum) Leaf Ethanol Extract Mouthwash in Reducing Dental Plaque Index

  • Rawati Siregar Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Sondang S Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia
  • Netty Jojor Aritonang Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this research was to determine the difference in the effectiveness of mouthwash of red betel leaf extract on the dental plaque index.


Design:This research design is Quasi experimental. The ethanol extract of red betel leaf was prepared in various concentrations for use by the correspondents as a mouthwash. Dental plaque was observed before and after treatment, then compared the differences in results between groups.


Interventions:The intervention variable in this study was a mouthwash preparation containing 4% and 5% ethanol extract of red betel leaf, then compared with a positive control mouthwash preparation containing Chlorhexidine.


Main outcome measure:The results showed a decrease in the dental plaque index in the correspondents who were given mouthwash containing 4% and 5% red betel leaf ethanol extract. The anova test showed a significant difference between the dental plaque index between before and after treatment (p <0.05).


Conclusion:Mouthwash containing ethanol extract of red betel leaves is effective in reducing the dental plaque index value.


 

Keywords: Dental plaque, mouthwash, Piper crocatum

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Author Biographies

Rawati Siregar, Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Sondang S, Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Netty Jojor Aritonang, Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

Dental Hygiene Department, Medan Health Polytechnics of Ministry of Health, Sumatera Utara, Indonesia

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How to Cite
Siregar, R., S, S., & Aritonang, N. (2021). the Effectiveness of Red Betel (Piper crocatum) Leaf Ethanol Extract Mouthwash in Reducing Dental Plaque Index. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, 9(1), 5-7. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22270/ajprd.v9i1.902