Quantitative Analysis in Traditional Knowledge of Wild Medicinal Plants Used to Treat Livestock Diseases by The Paliyar’s Tribe of Sadhuragiri Hillstamil Nadu, India

  • Aadhan Kamatchi PG and Research Department of Botany, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli,Tamil Nadu, India.
  • Anand Subramaniam Parvathi PG and Research Department of Botany, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli,Tamil Nadu, India.


An ethno-medicinal study of ethno-veterinary medicines among the local indigenous peoples of the villages of Sadhuragiri Hills, Southern Western Ghats, Virudhunagar district of Tamil Nadu, India were carried out during the period of July 2016 and March – 2018. About 90% interviewed people gained their knowledge of traditional medicine from their parents and grandparents and others gained from neighbors and co-producers. It has been observed that older persons and traditional healers have greater knowledge about traditional medicines than younger persons. Ethno-veterinary uses of 120 species belonging to 59 families have been documented in this study for their interesting therapeutic properties of various veterinary ailments such as Wound healing, Fever, Diarrhoea, Cold, Skin diseases, Bone fracture, Foot and mouth, Poison bite, Eye diseases, Low milk yielding, Fly repellent, Stomach pain, Anti-inflammatory, Cough, Swelling, Throat pain, Ear pain, Anorexia etc. Leaves thirty one species (37.2%) followed by Seed, Bark, Fruit, Latex and latex were most frequently used plant parts for ethno veterinary medicine. Usually fresh materials were used for medicinal preparation. The most frequently used routes of drug administration have been oral followed by dermal. Our study recommend that, documenting the medicinal plants and associated indigenous knowledge can be used for conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in the area and for validation of these plant preparations for ethno-veterinary treatment.


Keywords: Ethno-veterinary; Paliyar tribes; Traditional knowledge; Sadhuragiri hills.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Aadhan Kamatchi, PG and Research Department of Botany, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli,Tamil Nadu, India.

PG and Research Department of Botany, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli,Tamil Nadu, India.

Anand Subramaniam Parvathi, PG and Research Department of Botany, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli,Tamil Nadu, India.

PG and Research Department of Botany, National College (Autonomous), Tiruchirappalli,Tamil Nadu, India.


1. Anderson K. Animal domestication in geographic perspective. Society and Animals, 1998; 6 (2): 119-136.
2. Larrère C & Larrère R. Animal rearing as a contract. .Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 2000; 12(1):51-58.
3. Palmer C. The idea of the domesticated animal contract. Environmental Values, 1997; 6(4):411-426.
4. Bierer B. W.A short history of veterinary medicine in America. East Lansing, MI: Michigan State University Press; 1955.p.163-172.
5. Shanklin E. Sustenance and symbol: Anthropological studies of domesticated animals. Annual Review of Anthropology, 1985; 14: 375-403.
6. Mathias E., McCorkle, C & Schillhorn Van Veen, T. Introduction: Ethnoveterinary research and development. In McCorkle, C. M., Mathias, E., & Schillhorn Van Veen, T. W. (Eds.), Ethnoveterinary research & development London, UK: Intermediate Technology Publications; 1996. p. 1-23.
7. World Health Organization (WHO) traditional medicine strategy 2014-2023. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization; 2014.
8. Alves R. R. N & Rosa I. L. Animals in traditional folk medicine: Implications for conservation. Heidelberg, Germany: Springer; 2012.
9. Jain S.K & Srivastava S. Some folk herbal medicines for possible use in veterinary practices. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 2003; 2(2):118-125.
10. Zschocke, S., Rabe, T., Taylor, J.L., Jäger, A.K & Van Staden, J. Plant part substitution-a way to conserve endangered medicinal plants. J. Ethnopharmacol, 2000a; 71: 281–292.
11. Masika P.J., Van Averbeeke W & Sonandi A. Use of herbal remedies by smallscale farmers to treat livestock diseases in central Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. J. S. Afr. Vet. Assoc, 2000; 71: 87–91.
12. Tabuti J.R., Dhillion, S.S & Lye, K.A. Ethnoveterinary medicines for cattle (Bos indicus) in Bulamogi County, Uganda: plant species and mode of use. J. Ethnopharmacol, 2003; 88:279–286.
13. Yinegar H., Kelbessa E., Bekele T & Lulekal E. Ethnoveterinary medicinalplants in Bale Mountains National Park, Ethiopia. J. Ethnopharmacol, 2007; 112: 55–70.
14. Masika P.J & Afolayan A.J. An ethnobotanical study of plants used for the treatment of livestock diseases in the Eastern Cape Province, South Africa. Pharm.Biol, 2003; 41: 16–21.
15. Kone W.M & Atindehou K.K. Ethnobotanical inventory of medicinal plantsused in traditional veterinary medicine in Northern Cote d’Ivoire (West Africa). S. Afr. J. Bot, 2008; 74:76–84.
16. Schillhorn van Veen, T.W. In: McCorkle, C.M., Mathias, E., Schillhornvan Veen, T.W. (Eds.) Traditional Methods of Animal Disease Prevention and Control in African Savannah. EthnoveterinaryResearch and Development, Intermediate Technology Publications, London; 1996. p. 338.
17. Zschocke S, Rabe T, Taylor J.L.S., Jäger A.K & Van Staden, J. Plant part sub-stitution – a way to conserve endangered medicinal plants. J. Ethnopharmacol, 2000b ; 71: 281–292.
18. McCorkle C.M. An Introduction to ethnoveterinary research and development. J. Ethnobiol, 1986; 6: 129-149.
19. Krishna L. Swarup D & Patra R.C. An overview of prospects of ethno-veterinary medicine in India. Indian. J. Anim. Sci, 2005; 75: 1481-1491.
20. Dwivedi S.K. Overview of Ethnobotany Practices in India: Techniques for scientific validation and evolution of Ethnoveterinary practices in India, Bareilly; 1998.p. 1-5.
21. Sri Balaji N & Chakravarthi R. Ethnoveterinary Practices in India: A Review: Veterinary World, 2010; 3(12): 549-551.
22. Maydeel Hans J. Arbres et arbustes du sahel leurs caracteristiques etleurs utilization. GT2; 1990.
23. Central Statistical Agency (CSA). Livestock resources and production Statistics in Ethiopia. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Agricultural Sample Survey for: Report on Livestock and Livestock Characteristics; 2003.
24. Mesfine T & Lemma M. The role of traditional veterinary herbal medicine and its constraints in the animal health care system in Ethiopia. In: Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia. Medhin Zewdu and Abebe Demissie (Eds); Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia; 2001.p. 22-28.
25. Giday M & Ameni G. An Ethno botanical Survey on Plants of Veterinary Importance in Two Woredas of Southern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. SINET: Ethiop J Sci, 2003; 26: 123-126.
26. Teklehaymanot T & Giday M. Ethnobotanical Study of Medicinal Plants Used by People in Zegie Peninsula, Northwestern Ethiopia. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 2007; 163:3-12.
27. Tiwari L & Pande PC. Ethnoveterinary plants of Johar valley of Pithoragarh district, Uttarakhand Himalaya. Vegetos, 2009; 22:155-62.
28. Mallik BK, Panda T & Padhy R.N. Ethnoveterinary practices of aborigine tribes in Odisha, India. Asian Pacific J Trop Biomed, 2012; 3:S1520-S1525.
29. Adedeji O.S, Ogunsina T.K, Akinwumi A.O, Ameen S.A, Ojebiyi O.O & Akinlade J. An Ethnoveterinary medicine in African organic poultry production: Int. Food Research Journal, 2013; 20(2): 527-532.
30. Galav P, Jain A, & Katewa S.S. Ethnoveterinary medicines used by Tribals of Tadgarh-Raoli Wildlife Sanctuary, Rajasthan, India. Indian J Traditional Knowledge, 2013; 12(1): 56-61.
31. Njoroge G.N. & Bussmann R.W. Herbal usage and informant consensus in ethnoveterinary management of cattle diseases among the Kikuyus (Central Kenya). J. Ethnopharmacol, 2006; 108: 332-339.
32. Dold A.P. & Cocks M.L. Traditional veterinary medicine in the Alice district of the Eastern Cape province, South Africa. Afr. J. Sci, 2001; 97: 375-379.
33. Matekaire T & Bwakura T.M. Ethnoveterinary medicine: A potential alternative to orthodox animal health delivery in Zimbabwe. Int. J. Appl. Res. Vet. Med, 2004; 2(4): 269-273.
34. Jabbar A., Akhtar M.S, Muhammad, G & Lateef M. Possible role of ethno-veterinary medicine in poverty reduction in Pakistan: Use of botanical Anthelmintics as an example. J. Agric. Soc. Sci, 2005; 1(2):187-195.
35. Mwale M., Bhebhe E. Chimonyo M. & Halimani T.E. Use of herbal plants in poultry health management in the Mushagashe small-scale commercial farming area in Zimbabwe. Int. J. Appl. Res. Vet. Med, 2005; 3: 163-170.
36. Maine V.A.C., Lívia E.T.M., José S.M & Rômulo R.N.A. Animals to heal animals: ethnoveterinary practices in semiarid region, Northeastern Brazil. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed, 2009; 5(37):5-37.
37. Shen S., Qian J & Ren J. Ethnoveterinary plant remedies used by Nu people in NW Yunnan of China. J. Ethnobiol. Ethnomed, 2010;.6(24):6-24.
38. Gamble J.S. Flora of the Presidency of Madras. Vol. I-III. Allard & Co. London Botanical Survey of India, Culcutta; 1956.
39. Henry AN, Kumarai G.R & Chitra V. Flora of Tamilnadu, India, series 1: Analysis, Botanical Survey of India, Southern Circle, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India; 1987.
40. Matthew KM. The Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic, Vol. 1-3: The Rapinat Herbarium, Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India; 1983.
41. Jain S.K & Rao R.R. A Handbook of Field and Herbarium Methods. Today and Tomorrow’s Printers and Publishers, New Delhi; 1977.
42. Sankarasivaraman K. Ethnobotanical wealth of Paliyar tribe in Tamil Nadu. Ph.D., Thesis: Manonmanisundaranar University, Thirunelveli; 2000.
43. Priyadarsan S.S. Herbal veterinary medicines in an ancient Sanskrit work: The Garuda Purana. Ethnobotany, 1991; 3: 83.
44. Jain S.K. Plants in Indian ethno veterinary medicine: Status and Prospectus, Indian Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 2000; 20: 1- 11.
45. Takhar H.K. Folk herbal veterinary medicines of Southern Rajasthan.Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 2004; 3(4):407- 418.
46. Ganesan S, Chandhirasekaran M & Selvaraju A. Ethno-veterinary health care practices in Southern districts of Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 2008; 7: 347-354.
47. Kiruba S, Jeeva S & Dhas S.S.M. Enumeration of Ethnoveterinary plants of Cope Comorin, Tamil Nadu. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 2006; 7: 576-578.
48. Salave A.P, Reddy P.G & Diwakar P.G. Some Reports on Ethnoveterinary Practices in Ashti Areas of Beed District (MS) India. International Journal of Applied Biology and Pharmaceutical Technology, 2011; 2: 69-73.
49. Tafara Matekaire M.S, Taona M and Bwakura M.S. Ethnoveterinary Medicine: A potential alternative to orthodox animal health delivery in Zimbabwe. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine, 2004; 2(4):269-273.
50. Patil U.S and Deshmukh O.S. Plants Used In Ethno-Veterinary Medicines by Tribal Peoples in Betul District, Madhya Pradesh, India. International Journal of Science and Research, 2015; 4(10): 1536-1538.
60 Views | 68 Downloads
How to Cite
Kamatchi, A., & Parvathi, A. (2020). Quantitative Analysis in Traditional Knowledge of Wild Medicinal Plants Used to Treat Livestock Diseases by The Paliyar’s Tribe of Sadhuragiri Hillstamil Nadu, India. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development, 8(4), 44-57. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.22270/ajprd.v8i4.784